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Home>> 2010,29(01)
2010,29(01)

Main Contents

“973 Project”Column
Study of the Development and Inheritance of Lu’s School of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
WU Huan-gan(吴焕淦),ZHANG Zhi-feng(张志枫),HE Xing-hai(何星海),et al  1

Research Paper

Observations on the Efficacy of Brain-activating and Orifice-opening Acupuncture in Treating Pseudobulbar Paralysis
LUO Ping(罗平),ZHANG Shu-yi(张淑忆)  11
[Abstract]  Objective  To seek a method of treating pseudobulbar paralysis. Methods  One hundred and twenty-three patients with pseudobulbar paralysis were treated with brain-activating and orifice-opening acupuncture plus nape acupuncture. The results were compared with those of simple fluid infusion in a routine treatment group of 123 patients. Results  The symptom and sign scores improved in both groups after treatment (P<0.01). A comparison of the therapeutic effects by the Watian’s water drinking test showed that the effect was better in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in days for removing a stomach tube between the two groups after treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion  Brain-activating and orifice-opening acupuncture plus nape acupuncture has a better therapeutic effect on pseudobulbar paralysis.

Observations on the Efficacy of the Combined Treatment of Peripheral Facial Paralysis with Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine
YE Chun-hua(叶春华),HUANG Jing(黄静)  14
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the clinical efficacy of the combined treatment of peripheral facial paralysis with traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Methods  Ninety-five cases were randomly enrolled from the outpatients diagnosed with facial paralysis and allocated, according to different therapeutic methods, to a combined traditional Chinese and Western medical treatment group of 38 cases, a Chinese herbal medicine group of 28 cases and a Western medicine group of 29 cases. Results  The cure rate was 65.8% in the combined traditional Chinese and Western medical treatment group, which was significantly higher than 28.6% in the Chinese herbal medicine group (P<0.01) and 31.0% in the Western medicine group (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the Chinese herbal medicine group and the Western medicine group. The efficacy rates in the three groups were 94.7%, 85.7% and 86.2%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference among them (2=1.847, P>0.05). The Simplified Portman Assessment showed that the facial muscle function score was 17.5263±5.3864 in the combined traditional Chinese and Western medical treatment group, which was significantly higher than 13.4286±5.7053 in the Chinese herbal medicine group (P<0.01) and 13.6897±5.8009 in the Western medicine group (P<0.01). The rate of improvement in facial muscle function was 86.92%±28.33% in the combined traditional Chinese and Western medical treatment group, which was also significantly higher than 63.89%±30.11% in the Chinese herbal medicine group (P<0.01) and 65.31%±30.82% in the Western medicine group (P<0.01). Conclusion  A combined treatment with traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine is much superior to simple Chinese herbal treatment or Western drug treatment in improving the symptoms of peripheral facial paralysis and in the cure rate. It can effectively lighten the sequela of facial paralysis and decrease its incidence.


Observations on the Efficacy of Point-to-point Acupuncture with Several Needles plus Plum-blossom Needle Tapping in Treating Peripheral Facial Paralysis
PENG Liang(彭良)  17
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of point-to-point acupuncture with several needles plus plum-blossom needle tapping in treating peripheral facial paralysis. Methods  Seventy-two patients with peripheral facial paralysis were randomly allocated to a treatment group of 38 cases and a control group of 34 cases. The treatment group received point-to-point acupuncture with several needles plus plum-blossom needle tapping and the control group, medication. The clinical therapeutic effects were compared. Results  The total efficacy rate was 97.4% in the treatment group and 83.6% in the control group. It was higher in the treatment group than in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  Point-to-point acupuncture with several needles plus plum-blossom needle tapping is an ideal method of treating peripheral facial paralysis.


Randomized Control Study of Liquid Knife Needle Lysis and Electrical Triple Needling at Point Feishu(BL13) in Treating Allergic Rhinitis
ZHOU Zhi-hua(周志华),LI Yong-tang(李永堂),WU Zhou-hong(吴洲红),et al  19
[Abstract]  Objective  To compare the efficacies and safeties of two therapies, liquid knife needle lysis and electrical triple needling at point Feishu(BL13) in the clinical symptoms and signs in treating allergic rhinitis patients and investigate if liquid knife needle lysis at point Feishu(BL13) has its superiority in therapeutic effect and safety. Methods  Two hundred allergic rhinitis patients meeting the inclusion criteria were given liquid knife needle lysis and electrical triple needling at point Feishu(BL13), respectively. All of them were treated once every 6 days, 5 times as a course. A follow-up was performed 6 months later to evaluate the therapeutic effects and adverse reactions and compare the efficacies and safeties between the two groups. Results and conclusion  The cure rate and total efficacy rate of liquid knife needle lysis for allergic rhinitis were 69% and 97%, respectively. Its therapeutic effect is superior to that of electrical triple needling. It can correct immune dysfunction and does not cause an adverse reaction.


Observations on the Efficacy of Thunder-fire Moxibustion in Treating Gastralgia of Deficiency Cold Type
NIE Bin(聂斌),LUO Ren-han(罗仁瀚),CHEN Xiu-ling(陈秀玲),et al  21
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of thunder-fire moxibustion in treating gastralgia of deficiency cold type. Methods  Sixty patients meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to two groups. The treatment group of 30 cases received Zhao’s thunder-fire moxibustion and the control group of 30 cases, oral administration of Chinese herbal medicine-Decoction of  Astragalus for Tonifying Middle-jiao. Results  After one course of treatment, the therapeutic effect was better in the treatment group than in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  Thunder-fire moxibustion has a satisfactory therapeutic effect on gastralgia of deficiency cold type. It is worthy of clinical popularization.


Observations on the Efficacy of Elongated Needle Treatment for Gastroptosis
LI Yun-feng(李运峰)  23
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of elongated needle treatment for gastroptosis. Methods  Seventy-eight patients were randomly allocated to two groups. The treatment group of 40 cases received elongated needle acupuncture and the control group of 38cases, conventional acupuncture. The therapeutic effects were evaluated. Results  The total efficacy rate was significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion  Acupuncture has a therapeutic effect on gastroptosis. Elongated needle acupuncture can obviously increase the total efficacy rate.


Study of the Influence of Pricking Bloodletting Method on Intracellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in the Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis
CHEN Xiao-kai(陈小凯),LI Lv-ping(李旅萍),WU Hong(吴虹),et al  25
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the effect of pricking bloodletting method on intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the treatment of cervical spondylosis. Methods  One hundred and forty patients with cervical spondylosis were randomly allocated to an electroacupuncture group of 60 cases, a pricking bloodletting group of 60 cases and a control group of 20 cases. Fasting blood samples were taken from a cubital vein before and after treatment to measure ICAM-1. Results  There was statistically significant difference in ICAM-1 scores between the pricking bloodletting group and the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05). The cure rate was higher in the pricking bloodletting group (61.7%) than in the electroacupuncture group (13.3%); there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01). The pain score decreased more in the pricking bloodletting group after treatment (P<0.01). Conclusion  Pricking bloodletting method is an effective treatment for cervical spondylosis. It can better reduce ICAM-1.


Clinical Study of the Effect of Acupuncture on Trapezius Muscle Tension in Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy
ZHOU Ping(周平),LI Guo-an(李国安)  28
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the effect of acupuncture on trapezius muscle tension and cervicobrachialgia in cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. Methods  Seventy-two patients meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to a treatment group (acupuncture) and a control group (cervical traction) and treated for 10 times. Trapezius muscle tension at rest and during maximal voluntary contraction was assessed and the cervicobrachialgia score counted before and after treatment. Results  Cervicobrachialgia and muscular tension at rest (RAUC) and during contraction (AAUC) improved more in the treatment group after the end of treatment; there were statistically significant differences compared with the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion  Acupuncture can effectively improve trapezius muscle tension in patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and has a therapeutic effect on the disease.


Observations on the Efficacy of Acupuncture plus Joint Lysis in Treating Scapulohumeral Periarthritis
ZHAO Ming-hua(赵明华),XU Bang-jie(徐帮杰),ZHAO Wen-hua(赵文华)  31
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus joint lysis in treating scapulohumeral periarthritis. Methods  Acupuncture and joint lysis were used to treat 90 patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis (treatment group). A control group of 76 patients were treated with medicine. Both groups performed functional exercises. The therapeutic effects were compared after two courses of treatment. Results  After two courses of treatment, the total efficacy rate was 93.3% in the treatment group and 82.9% in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion  Acupuncture plus joint lysis has a marked therapeutic effect on scapulohumeral periarthritis.


Randomized Clinical Control Study of Electroacupuncture and Warm Needling in Treating Ankylosing Spondylitis
LI Li(李莉)  34
[Abstract]  Objective  To compare the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture with warm needling in treating ankylosing spondylitis. Methods  Sixty patients with ankylosing spondylitis were randomly allocated to two groups. The observation group of 30 cases was treated by warm needling and the control group of 30 cases, with electroacupuncture. The therapeutic effects were compared. Results  The cure rate and the total marked efficacy rate were 40.0% and 96.7%, respectively, in the observation group and 10.0% and 26.7%, respectively, in the control group. There was a statistically significant difference in therapeutic effect between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  The effect of warm needling is superior to that of electroacupuncture in treating ankylosing spondylitis.


Observations on the Efficacy of Penetration Needling plus Warm Needling in Treating Scapulohumeral Periarthritis
SHI Man-hua(施曼华)  36
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of penetration needling plus warm needling in treating scapulohumeral periarthritis. Methods  One hundred and twenty patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis were randomly allocated to two groups, 60 cases each. In the treatment group, acupuncture needles 75 mm long were inserted from point Jianliao into Jiquan and from point Jianneiling into Jianzhen, a reducing method was used and then a moxa stick 2 cm long was put on the handle of each needle and ignited, two moxa sticks for each needle. The treatment was given once daily, 10 times as a course. In the control group, points Jianyu, Jianliao, Jianneiling, Jianzhen and Quchi were needled with acupuncture needles 40 mm long once daily, 10 times as a course. The therapeutic effects were evaluated in the two groups after two courses of treatment. Results  The total efficacy rate was 95.0% in the treatment group and 85.0% in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  The therapeutic effect of penetration needling plus warm needling on scapulohumeral periarthritis is superior to that in the control group.


Observations on the Efficacy of a Triple Treatment for Transverse Process Syndrome of Third Lumbar Vertebra
WANG Xiao-jun(王晓军),ZHU Wei-hong(朱卫红),LU Qian-ren(陆乾人)  38
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of a triple treatment for transverse process syndrome of third lumbar vertebra. Methods  Sixty patients with transverse process syndrome of third lumbar vertebra were randomly allocated to a treatment group of 30 cases and a control group of 30 cases. The treatment group received a triple treatment and the control group, acupuncture plus pain spot block therapy. The therapeutic effects were evaluated after one course of treatment. Results  There was no statistically significant post-treatment difference in the sign score between the treatment and control groups (P>0.05) and also in therapeutic effect between the two groups of patients (P>0.05). Conclusion  Although there is no significant difference in the therapeutic effect between a triple treatment and acupuncture plus pain spot block therapy, the former has slight side effects, is easy for the patient to accept and can replace local hormone block therapy.


Observations on the Efficacy of Electroacupuncture plus Waist-strengthening Exercises in Treating Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation
MENG Wei-wei(孟魏魏),CAI Xiu-shui(蔡秀水)  40
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture plus waist-strengthening exercises in treating lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Methods  A multicenter randomized control method was used. Two hundred and sixty patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were randomly allocated to two groups, an observation group of 129 cases and a control group of 131 cases. Both were treated with electroacupuncture. The observation group received waist-strengthening exercises in addition. The therapeutic effects were evaluated in the two groups after treatment and compared between them. Results  Of the observation group, cure occurred in 73 cases, marked effectiveness in 45 cases and ineffectiveness in 11 cases, with a cure rate of 56.6% and a total efficacy rate of 91.5%. Of the control group, cure occurred in 56 cases, marked effectiveness in 52 cases and ineffectiveness in 23 cases, with a cure rate of 42.7% and a total efficacy rate of 82.4%. There were statistically significant differences in the cure rate and the total efficacy rate between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  Electroacupuncture plus waist-strengthening exercises has a satisfactory therapeutic effect on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation.


Clinical Observations on the Efficacy of Electroacupuncture plus Acupuncture Point Injection in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis
LU Qian-ren(陆乾人),WANG Xiao-jun(王晓军),ZHU Wei-hong(朱卫红)  43
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the efficacy of electroacupuncture plus acupuncture point injection in treating knee osteoarthritis. Methods  Forty patients with knee osteoarthritis were treated by electroacupuncture plus injections of safflower injectio into points Xuehai, Liangqiu, medial Xiyan and Dubi, and ashi points. The knee joint function score was counted before and after treatment and the therapeutic effect was evaluated. Results  Of the 40 patients, cure occurred in 17 cases, accounting for 42.5%; marked effectiveness in 12 cases, accounting for 30.0%; effectiveness in 7 cases, accounting for 17.5%; ineffectiveness in 4 cases, accounting for 10.0%, with a total efficacy rate of 90.0%. There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in pain, walking, joint flexion, sensation of instability, swelling, going up and down the stairs and the score (P<0.05). Conclusion  The results show that electroacupuncture plus acupuncture point injection can obviously relieve the symptoms except locked joint.


Observations on the Therapeutic Effect of Herbal Cake-separated Moxibustion on Knee Osteoarthritis of Blood Stasis Type
ZHOU Zhong-liang(周忠良),SUN Kui(孙奎),CHENG Hong-liang(程红亮),et al  45
[Abstract]  Objective  To quantitatively and objectively investigate the therapeutic effect of herbal cake-separated moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis (KOA) of blood stasis type. Methods  Seventy patients (98 knees in total) diagnosed with KOA of blood stasis type were randomly allocated to treatment and control groups. The treatment group received notoginseng cake-separated moxibustion once daily, 10 times as a course, for two consecutive courses and the control group took Diclofenac Sodium sustained-release tablets 75 mg once daily, for 20 consecutive days. Knee symptom and sign score was counted before and after treatment. The scores were compared to evaluate the therapeutic effects. Results  There were statistically significant differences in overall and long-term therapeutic effects between the treatment and control groups (P<0.05). The effect was better in the treatment group than in the control group. There was no significant post-treatment difference in pain marks between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion  Notoginseng cake-separated moxibustion has a positive therapeutic effect on KOA of blood stasis type. Its overall and long-term therapeutic effects were both superior to those of the western drug in the control group. It is an effective way to prevent and treat KOA.


Observations on the Therapeutic Effect of Electroacupuncture on Chondromalacia Patellae
CHE Tao(车涛),CHEN Yong-qiang(陈永强), QIU Min-lei(裘敏蕾),et al  48
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on chondromalacia patellae. Methods  Sixty-three patients were randomly allocated to a treatment group of 32 cases and a control group of 31 cases. The treatment group received electroacupuncture at points medial Xiyan and lateral Xiyan and the control group took a sustained release preparation of diclofenac sodium orally. The therapeutic effects were evaluated at 15 days after the end of treatment. Results  The cure rate and the efficacy rate were both higher in the treatment group than in the control group; there were statistically significant differences in both between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  The effect of electroacupuncture at point Xiyan is superior to that of an oral sustained release preparation of diclofenac sodium in the treatment of chondromalacia patellae. The results indicate that electroacupuncture at points medial Xiyan and lateral Xiyan is an effective way to treat chondromalacia patellae.


Animal Research


Effect of Kidney-reinforcing and Blood-activating Acupuncture on Learning and Memory Abilities and Brain AChE Activity in a SAMP8 Mouse Model of Senile Dementia
DAI Si-si(戴思思),DONG Ke-li(董克礼),ZHU Hong(朱宏)  57
[Abstract]  Objective  To investigate the effect of kidney-reinforcing and blood-activating acupuncture on learning and memory abilities and brain AChE activity in a SAMP8 mouse model of senile dementia. Methods  Twenty SAMP8 mice aged 8 months were enrolled and randomly allocated to an acupuncture group of 10 mice and a SAMP8 blank control group of 10 mice. Ten SAMP1 mice aged 8 months were enrolled and constituted a SAMP1control group. After the end of treatment, the therapeutic effect was evaluated, and mouse learning and memory abilities and brain AChE content were measured in each group. Results  Obvious learning and memory impairments occurred during a hidden platform test and the escape latency to the hidden platform lengthened significantly in the SAMP8 blank control group compared with the SAMP1 group (P<0.05). The escape latency to the hidden platform shorte- ned significantly in the acupuncture group compared with the SAMP8 blank control group (P<0.05). Time spent in the original platform quadrant and the frequency of crossing the original platform during a probe test increased significantly in the acupuncture group compared with the SAMP8 blank control group (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in them between the acupuncture and SAMP1 groups (P>0.05). Brain AChE activity decreased significantly after acupuncture in the acupuncture group compared with the SAMP8 blank control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in brain AChE activity between the acupuncture and SAMP1 groups (P>0.05). Conclusion  Kidney-reinforcing and blood-activating acupuncture can effectively improve AD mouse learning and memory abilities. The effect may be achieved by inhibiting brain AChE activity.



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